The Birim Central Municipal Assembly with Akim Oda being the capital comprises the General Assembly with 27 Assembly Members, the Municipal Chief Executive and Member of Parliament (Ex Officio Member) whereas there are eighteen 18 Unit Committees.

Institutional and Administrative Set-up in the Municipality

The Municipal Assembly is the highest political and administrative body in the municipality. The General Assembly is composed of the Municipal Chief Executive, Member of Parliament, 27 Assembly members, comprising 18 elected members and 9 government appointees, with the Presiding Member as the Chairperson. Of the total figure, 24 are males while 5 are females. The Municipal Chief Executive chairs the Executive Committee. Under the Executive Committee are the various Sub-Committees. Below the Municipal Assembly are the sub-structures consisting of Zonal Councils and 18 Unit Committees.

Although these sub-structures are supposed to play very important roles such as resource identification and mobilization, registration of births and deaths, mobilize communities to undertake local development activities, they are currently not effective. They do not have the capacity to perform their established functions.


The Birim Central Municipal Assembly exist to improve the standard of living of the people through development oriented programmes such as the provision of quality education, health, security and other social infrastructural services.


A leading Municipal Assembly that empowers its citizens through excellent service delivery.


The Birim Central Municipal Assembly performs the functions indicated below:

1. Responsible for the overall development of the Municipality and ensure the preparation and submission of development plans and budget of the Municipality through the Regional Coordinating Council to the Central Government. 2. Formulate and execute plans, programmes and strategies for effective mobilization of resources necessary for the overall development of the Municipality. 3. Promote and support productive activities and social development in the Municipality and remove obstacles to initiative development. 4. Monitor and execute projects under approved development plans and assess and evaluate their impact on the people's lives in the Municipality. 5. Initiate programmes for the development of basic infrastructure and provide works and services in the Municipality. 6. Responsible for development, improvement and management of human settlement and the environment in the Municipality. 7. Responsible for maintenance of security and public safety in the Municipality in cooperation with the appropriate national and local security agencies.

Location and Size

The Birim Central Municipality is one of the thirty-three (33) administrative districts in the Eastern Region. It was carved out of the former Birim South District in 2007 under Legislative Instrument (L.I.) 1863. It covers an estimated area of about 158.099 sq. km. The Municipality shares boundaries with Akyemansa District to the North, Birim South District to the West and Asene-Manso District to the East. The municipal capital is Akim Oda. There are 31 communities in the Municipality with Akim Oda being the capital. The Municipality is centrally located, well connected to the neighbouring districts and serves as the economic hub within the enclave. The Municipality is undulating and lies within the semi-deciduous forest zones.

Demographic Characteristics

The estimated municipal population stood at 174,807 in 2018. The male population accounts for 47.8% (83,558) and the female population constitutes 52.2% (91,249) of the total population of the municipality. The annual population growth rate for the municipality is 2.4%. The municipality is predominantly urban having 67.7% (118,869) of the population and 32.3% (55,983) living in rural areas. The large proportion of people living in the urban communities means that a lot of resources must be shifted towards improving socio-economic facilities for the use of the increasing urban population, while support must be directed at upgrading facilities and expanding economic opportunities in rural communities to minimize the migration of the people to urban area. The sex ratio for the municipality is 91.7, which means that for every 100 females, there are about 92 males.

Age Structure

There are more males than females from 0-4 years to 10-14 years in the municipality, but the population tends to be female dominated in all age groups from 15-19 years to 85 years and older. Perhaps more males migrate from the municipality than females or more females migrate in for commercial activities; or more males than females die.

Population Density

The Municipality has a population density of 1,106 persons per square kilometre. It also indicates that the Municipality has registered an increase in population density over the years rising from 142 persons per square kilometre in 1984 to the current figure. This gives the impression that the municipality is very dense but in actual fact, the bulk of the population is concentrated in the urban area where more facilities and services are located. This implies an increase in the pressure on the use of available natural resources and social services.

Cultural and Social Structure

The Municipality falls under the Akyem Kotoku traditional area. The annual festival of the traditional area, known as 'Odwira' is celebrated in any week of December or January each year. Activities ranging from the performance of rituals for ancestors, traditional drumming and dancing among others are observed. Dramas and stories are told to show the root of the Akyems. These aim at strengthening the mutual bond of friendship among the local residents for development. The celebration of the festivals draws people from within and outside the Municipality to observe and participate. The 'Odwira' and other festive celebrations could be well packaged and marketed to promote tourism to create jobs and generate income. These potentials can also provide grounds for education and research as well as tourism for African-Americans in the diaspora who demand a lot of information to trace their root. Unfortunately, there is chieftaincy dispute in the traditional area which has prevented the celebration of the festivals for almost two decades. The dispute also affects the communal spirit in undertaking development projects. The Municipal Security Committee (MUSEC) has been monitoring events and instituting measures to maintain peace and security in the municipality.

Religious Affiliation
Christianity constitutes the dominant religion in the Municipality, followed by Islam and traditionalists. There are also people without religious affiliations in the Municipality.

The main mode of transport is road. The estimated length of road in the municipality is 131.5km, comprising 16.5km trunk road, 100km urban road and 15km feeder road. Out of these, about 70%, 75% and 50% of the trunk, urban and feeder roads respectively are in bad state which negatively affects movement of humans and goods which is a disincentive for commercial activities in the municipality.


There are 23 Kindergarten (KG), 28 Primary, 30 Junior High Schools (JHSs), 3 Senior High Schools (SHSs), 2 Nursing Training Institutions (1 public, 1 private) and 1 College of Education in the municipality. About 95% of the educational institutions are located in Akim Oda. Of these figures, 22%, 24%, 13% and 33% of the school buildings at the KG, Primary, JHS and SHS levels respectively are in poor condition. Efforts must be made to rehabilitate these school structures to further enhance education delivery in the Municipality. Net enrolment ratios at the KG, Primary and JHS respectively are 65.0%, 73.0% and 53.3%.

Pupil/Teacher Ratio

The municipality has a total of 729 teachers comprising 404 males and 325 females teaching in both public and private schools. There are 82, 198, 186 and 263 teachers at the KG, Primary, JHS and SHS respectively. The pupil/teacher ratios are 1:21, 1:55, 1:28 and 1:26 for KG, Primary, JHS and SHS respectively. The ratio is favourable and efforts should be made to ensure it reflects in pupils' performance.


There are 4 hospitals (1 government and 3 private) in Akim Oda and 18 CHPS Compounds in the Municipality. In terms of staffing, there are 5 doctors, 3 pharmacists, 1 public health nurse, 34 midwives, 122 professional/enrolled nurses and 39 community health nurses providing health care services in the municipality. The distribution of health personnel and facilities is skewed towards Akim Oda. Malaria continues to rank first among the top 10 diseases. Population/Doctor ratio is 1:11,097 while population/nurse ratio stands at 1:358.17.2.3.